Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a south western African country. It was before its independence it was called South-West Africa. It is boarded by Angola and Zambia to its north, the Atlantic Ocean to its west, and Botswana and South Africa to its east. The city of Windhoek is Namibia’s capital.

The first European explorer to arrive Namibia was Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese, in 1488. However during the Scramble for Africa in 1884, Namibia fell under German control. However during World War One, South Africa conquered the German Namibia. In 1920, the League of Nations granted South Africa mandate over Namibia. In 1948, South Africa began extending its apartheid regime into Namibia. This led to revolts and nationalist activities.

In 1973, the UN recognised the South West African People’s Organisation (SWAPO) as the official representative of Namibia. SWAPO used guerrilla warfare in its liberation campaign against South Africa. South Africa continued to resist ceding control until 1988, when it agreed to leave the country in exchange for withdrawal of Cuban troops in Angola. Namibia became fully independent from South Africa in 1990.

Since its independence, Namibia has been able to maintain a stable political and economic environment. The country practices a presidential system. The president is elected every five years and may serve a maximum of two terms. Economically, Namibia’s is relatively strong. Its GDP in 2016 stood at $12.56 billion for a population of 2,484,780.